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Major Events of 1972

1972 (Roman Numerals: MCMLXXII) was the 72nd year of the 20th century. 1972 was a leap year, and the first day of the year was a Saturday.

On this page, we have listed some of the major historical, news and sporting events that took place in 1972.
News Events of 1972

United States launches Christmas bombing campaign against Hanoi, North Vietnam.

Last US ground units leave Vietnam.

FBI director, J. Edgar Hoover dies.

"Pong" introduces the video game craze.

SALT I treaty limiting nuclear arms signed by United States and USSR.

USA and USSR sign ABM Treaty, limiting anti-ballistic missiles.

US President, Richard Nixon, visits the People's Republic of China.

Richard M. Nixon

Ceylon becomes a republic, and renames itself Sri Lanka.

Bobby Fischer beats Boris Spassky to become World Chess Champion.


Bloody Sunday: British paratroopers kill 14 unarmed marchers in Northern Ireland.

Black September terrorist attack at Munich Olympics, 11 Israeli athletes killed.

The ocean liner RMS Queen Elizabeth catches fire and capsizes in Victoria Harbour, Hong Kong.

74 nations sign the Biological Weapons Convention, banning the production of biological weapons.

Sports in 1972
  • Olympic Games:

    • 1972 Summer Olympics (Games of the XX Olympiad): Munich, Germany

    • 1972 Winter Olympics (XI Olympic Winter Games): Sapporo, Japan

    • Black September terrorist attack at Munich Olympics, 11 Israeli athletes killed.

    • Mark Spitz becomes the first competitor to win seven medals at a single Olympic games.

  • American Football:

    1972 Super Bowl (Super Bowl VI):

    • Winning Team: Dallas Cowboys

    • Losing Team: Miami Dolphins

  • Baseball:

    1972 World Series

    • Winning Team: Oakland Athletics

    • Losing Team: Cincinnati Reds

  • Soccer:

    1972 European Cup:

    • Winners: Ajax

    • Runners-Up: Internazionale

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